Sunday, 24 April 2011

All About Pakistan

Official Name

Islamic Republic of Pakistan

· Father of the Nation      Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948)
· National Poet                  Allama Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938)
· Head of the State           Asif Ali Zardari, President
· Head of Government     Yousaf Raza gillani, Prime Minister
· Capital                            Islamabad
· Area Total                                          796,095 Sq. km.
Punjab                                                  205,344 Sq. km.
Sindh                                                    140,914 Sq. km.
North West Frontier Province           74,521 Sq. km.
Balochistan                                         347,190 Sq. km.
Federally Administered Tribal Areas 27,220 Sq. km.
Islamabad (Capital)                            906 Sq. km.
· Population                                       149.03 million
· Administrative Setup

Pakistan is divided into four provinces viz., North West Frontier Province (NWFP), Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan. The tribal belt adjoining NWFP is managed by the Federal Government and is named FATA i.e., Federally Administered Tribal Areas. Azad Kashmir and Northern Areas have their own respective political and administrative machinery, yet certain of their subjects are taken care of by the Federal Government through the Ministry of Kashmir Affairs and Northern Areas. Provinces of Pakistan are further divided into Divisions and Districts

Divisions
Districts
 
NWFP       7 ,   24
Punjab     8  ,   34
Sindh       5   ,21
Balochistan    6      ,22

While FATA consist of 13 Areas/Agencies and Azad Kashmir and Northern Areas have 7 and 5 Districts respectively.
· Religion                 95% Muslims, 5% others.
· Annual Per capita income      Rs. 28,933 (US $ 492 approximately)
· GDP          5.1%
· Currency        Pak. Rupee.
· Imports
Industrial equipment, chemicals, vehicles, steel, iron ore, petroleum, edible oil, pulses, tea.
· Exports
Cotton, textile goods, rice, leather items carpets, sports goods, handi-crafts, fish and fish prep. and fruit
· Languages
Urdu (National) and English (Official)
· Literacy rate
51.6%
· Government
Parliamentary form
· Parliament
Parliament consists of two Houses i.e., the Senate (Upper House) and the National Assembly (Lower House).
The Senate is a permanent legislative body and symbolises a process of continuity in the national affairs. It consists of 100 members. The four Provincial Assemblies, Federally Administered Tribal Areas and Federal Capital form its electoral college.
The National Assembly has a total membership of 342 elected through adult suffrage (272 general seats, 60 women seats and 10 non-Muslim seats).


· Pakistan National Flag.
Dark green with a white vertical bar, a white crescent and a five-pointed star in the middle. The Flag symbolises Pakistan's profound commitment to Islam, the Islamic world and the rights of religious miniorities.


· National Anthem
Approved in June, 1954
Verses Composed by: Abdul Asar Hafeez Jullundhri
Tune Composed by: Ahmed G. Chagla
Duration: 80 seconds
· State Emblem
The State Emblem consists of:
1. The crescent and star which are symbols of Islam
2. The shield in the centre shows four major crops
3. Wreath surrounding the shield represents cultural heritage and
4. Scroll contains Quaid's motto: Unity Faith, Discipline


· Pakistan's Official Map
Drawn by Mian Mahmood Alam Suhrawardy (1920-1999)


· National Flower
Jasmine.
· National Tree
Deodar (Cedrus Deodara).
· National Animal
Markhor.
· National Bird
Chakor (Red-legged partridge)
· Flora
Pine, Oak, Poplar, Deodar, Maple, Mulberry
· Fauna
The Pheasant, Leopard, Deer, Ibex, Chinkara, Black buck, Neelgai, Markhor, Marco-Polo sheep, Green turtles, River & Sea fish, Crocodile, Waterfowls
· Popular games
Cricket, Hockey, Football, Squash.
· Tourist's resorts
Murree, Quetta, Hunza, Ziarat, Swat, Kaghan, Chitral and Gilgit
· Archaeological sites
Moenjo Daro, Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehr Garh, Takht Bhai.
· Major Cities
Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Hyderabad, Faisalabad, Multan and Sialkot
· Major Crops
Cotton, Wheat, Rice and Sugarcane
· Agricultural Growth Rate
4.15% in 2002-03
· Total cropped area
22.0 million hectares
· Industry
Textiles, Cement, Fertilizer, Steel, Sugar, Electric Goods, Shipbuilding
· Energy
Major sources
Electricity (Hydel, Thermal, Nuclear) Oil, Coal, and Liquid Petroleum Gas
Power Generating Capacity
18,062 MW

· Health
Hospitals
947
Dispensaries
4,800
Basic Health Units (BHUs)
4,820
Maternity & Child Health Centres
1,084
Rural Health Centres (RHCs)
581
Tuberculosis (TB) Centres
357
Hospital Beds
82,844
Doctors (registered)
101,635
Dentists (registered)
5,068
Nurses (registered
44,520
Paramedics
22,714
Lady Health Workers
6,397

· Education
Primary Schools
164,200
Middle Schools
19,100
High Schools
12,900
Arts & Science Colleges
925
Professional Colleges
374
Universities
Public Sector (including one WomenUniversity)
29
Private Sector
10

· Transport & Communication
Total length of roads
251,845 km
Pakistan Railway network
7,791 km
Railway stations
781
Pakistan International Airlines
Covers 33 international and 21 domestic stations with a fleet of 44 planes.
Major Airports
8 (Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Quetta, Peshawar, Multan, Faisalabad and Gwadar)

· Seaports
International
2 (Karachi and Bin Qasim.)
Fish Harbours-Cum-Mini Ports
3 (Minora, Gawadar, and Keti Bandar)

· Communications
Post Offices
12,267
Telephone connections
4,589,000
Public Call Offices
1,14,527
Telegraph offices
328
Internet Connections
1.9 million


· Employment
Total Labour force
42.38 million
Employed Labour Force
39.41 million
Agriculture Sector
18.91 million
Manufacturing & Mining sector
4.51 million
Construction
2.25 million
Trade
5.27 million
Transport
1.97 million
Finance, Community & Social Services
5.90 million
Others
5.87 million

· Media
Print Media (In accordance with Central Media List)


Dailies
414
Weeklies
392
Fortnightlies
50
Monthlies
259
Annually
01
Quarterly
03

News Agencies


Official
APP

Private

PPI, NNI, On Line and Sana.

Electronic Media

TV Centres
Five TV centres at Islamabad, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta and Karachi covering 88.58% population and 29 re-broadcasting stations.

Pakistan Television
4 channels (PTV-I, PTV-II (PTV World), PTV-III & PTV-IV)

Registered TV sets
3,604,000

Radio Stations
Public:
Total 25, Home services in 19 languages. External Services cover 81 countries in 15 languages
Private:
Radio stations 3, TV transmitter channels 3

Cable Operators
900

· Banks
Central Bank
State Bank of Pakistan
Other Banks
National Bank of Pakistan
Habib Bank Ltd.
United Bankn Ltd.
Muslim Commercial Bank Ltd.
Allied Bank of Pakistan Ltd.
First Woman Bank
Mehran Bank
The Bank of Punjab
Bank of Khyber
Specialized Banks
Agricultural Development Bank of Pakistan
Federal Bank for Co-operatives
Industrial Development Bank of Pakistan
The Punjab Provincial Co-operative Bank

· Famous MountainPeaks
K-2 (Mt. Godwin Austin)
28,250 ft./8611 m (2nd in World)
Nanga Parbat
26,660 ft./8126 m (8th in World)
Gasherbrum-I
26,470 ft./8068 m (11th in World)

· Famous Mountain Passes
The Khyber Pass
NWFP
The KurramPass
FATA
The TochiPass
FATA
The GomalPass
NWFP
The Bolan Pass
Balochistan
The LowariPass
Chitral (NWFP)
The KhunjrabPass
Northern Areas

· Rivers

The Indus

2,896 km
Jhelum

825 km
Chenab

1,242 km
Ravi

901 km
Sutlej

1,551 km
Beas (tributary of Sutlej)

398 km

· Famous Glaciers
Siachin
75 km
Batura
55 km
Baltoro
65 km

· Deserts
Thar
Sindh
Cholistan
Punjab
Thal
Punjab

· Lakes
Manchar
Sindh
Keenjar
Sindh
Hanna
Balochistan
Saif-ul-Maluk
NWFP
Satpara
Northern Areas
Kachura
Northern Areas

· Major Dams
Mangla Dam
Punjab
Tarbela Dam
NWFP
Warsak Dam
NWFP

29 comments:

  1. Goog general knowledge of Pakistan.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Great!highly appreciates knowledge.

    ReplyDelete
  3. This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.

    ReplyDelete
  4. Please Highlight our Country General Knowledge....Best for us..!!!

    ReplyDelete
  5. Good Knowledge, compilation, but it needs regular updation.

    ReplyDelete
  6. very goood atempt... but dear admin plz update some ammendments. now the SENATE members of PAkistan are 104 President Asif ali Zardari extend it through 19 amendment. for 4 minority seats..

    ReplyDelete
  7. Thanx for sharing such knowledge

    ReplyDelete
  8. thanx alot for sharing such a valuable information

    ReplyDelete
  9. good knowledge but not updated

    ReplyDelete
  10. Thanks for sharing these beautiful information:
    Muhammad Waqas Khan ( Sirikot Haripur Hazara )

    ReplyDelete
  11. thanks fr sharing such a beautifl infrmation about pakistan.........

    ReplyDelete
  12. Religion 97% Muslims And 3% Hindu And Christin

    ReplyDelete
  13. dear update some knowledge like P.M of Pakistan is Raja Pervez Ashraf

    ReplyDelete
  14. update the no of distt of punjab. plz

    ReplyDelete
  15. Such a gr8 work dear ..........
    awesomeeeeeee n thnxxxxxxxxxx

    ReplyDelete
  16. thanks admin now i have quiet knowledge to pass my pak.st paper...:D

    ReplyDelete
  17. very nie....need further improvement....like why we elect governers nd on what basis they arre elected...

    ReplyDelete
  18. nazim bro plz update the data

    ReplyDelete
  19. Good information but remaining data should be updated

    ReplyDelete